Permanent Immigration to Canada under Express Entry


How Express Entry Immigration Program Works

Express Entry is a new way of managing applications in a number of existing economic immigration programs:

Provinces and territories will also be able to recruit candidates from the Express Entry pool for a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) in order to meet local labour market needs.

Through Express Entry, people who meet the criteria for one of these programs will be placed into a pool of candidates. The Government of Canada, provincial and territorial governments, and Canadian employers will be able to select people from this pool.

Employers in Canada must first make every effort to try and find a Canadian or permanent resident to fill vacant job opportunities. Eligible employers who cannot find a Canadian or permanent resident for a permanent job will be able to consider candidates from the pool who meet their needs.

Express Entry and the Government of Canada’s Job Bank will let eligible employers in Canada and skilled foreign nationals connect with one another more easily, making integration faster once immigrants arrive in Canada.

Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Candidates will be awarded points for:

  • a job offer and/or
  • a provincial/territorial nomination and/or
  • skills and experience – factors that contribute to success in Canada.

Understanding the New Point System – Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

All Express Entry candidates will be given a score out of 1,200, based on the four parts of the Comprehensive Ranking System formula:

  • Skills and experience factors
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors
  • Skills transferability
  • Additional points for those with a nomination from a province or territory or a valid job offer

CRS Summary:

A B C D Total
Core Human Capital (Age/Edu/Lang/Exp) Spouse Factors Transferability factors AE/ PNP 1200
460 40 100 600 Applicants with Spouse or Common Law
500 NA 100 600 Single Applicant

CIC will select the highest ranking candidates from the pool through regular draws (expected every month) and invite them to apply to immigrate as a permanent resident.

Qualified candidates who also have a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) will get enough points to ensure they are ranked high enough to get an invitation to apply.

Similarly, a nomination by a province or territory, will give a candidate additional points  to rank high enough to be invited to apply at the next eligible draw of candidates.

Detailed Comprehensive Ranking System criteria:

Factor A Core / human capital factors A. Core / human capital factors Points per factor – With a spouse or common-law partner Points per factor – Without a spouse or common-law partner
Age 100 110
Level of education 140 150
Official languages proficiency 150 160
Canadian work experience 70 80

 

Factor B Spouse or common-law partner factors B. Spouse or common-law partner factors Maximum 40 points
Level of education 10
Official language proficiency 20
Canadian Work Experience 10
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors Maximum 500 points (with a spouse or common-law partner) Maximum 500 points (without a spouse or common-law partner)

 

Factor C Skill Transferability factors C. Skill Transferability factors Maximum 100 points
Education Maximum 50 points
With good/strong official languages proficiency and a post-secondary degree 50
With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree 50
Foreign work experience Maximum 50 points
With good/strong official languages proficiency and foreign work experience 50
With Canadian work experience and foreign work experience 50
Certificate of qualification (for people in trade occupations) Maximum 50 points
With good/strong official languages proficiency and a certificate of qualification 50
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Transferability factors Maximum 600 points

 

Factor D Additional points D. Additional points (maximum 600)
Arranged employment 600
PN nomination 600
A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors + C. Transferability factors + D. = Grand total – 1,200

 

 

 

Common Questions
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